Here's an English translation (via Google Translate) of the feature article in the Norwegian newspaper Bergens Tidence (11 February 2017):
The Briton who has declared war on Norwegian fish farming
Don Staniford was convicted for slogans against Norwegian farmed on cigarette packages. 45-year-old man aquaculture is shit tired of.
By Einar Aarre
Eirik Brekke (Photos)
Now it is Norwegian-owned farms Don Staniford and his accomplices will expel. Norway is the world's largest producer of Atlantic salmon, and it's not just in the fjords of western Norway that the farms are located closely. Norwegian companies also dominate the farming industry in Chile, Canada and Scotland.
North Wind rips in the wild hair to Staniford. 45-year-old promises poster with the Norwegian flag. "Salmon Farming is like the black death plague," it says.
He compares Norwegian aquaculture with the Black Death.
He believes that there are breeders who should be imprisoned because escapees from cages pollute the natural fish stocks.
- The problems are the same everywhere: Wild fish exterminated because it is used as feed for salmon. Lice, diseases, escapes and the huge use of chemicals in the cages, destroys the ecosystem. We have reached a point where it can no longer continue. Norwegian farmed need out of Scotland, says Staniford.
It was this that was for over a broom for judges in Canada during the trial four years ago. As frontman of the Global Alliance Against Industrial Aquaculture (GAAIA) had Don Staniford campaigned against fish farming company Cermaq, which was then owned by the Norwegian state.
He was convicted of spreading untruths and to have behaved abusively toward employees. Dozens statements were declared null and void. In addition, he was ordered to pay over 600,000 crowns in compensation.
- I had to leave Canada but Cermaq has never gone after me for money. Having therefore no money, says Staniford.
- But everyone knows that farmed salmon does not kill. Why say something that is not correct?
- Norwegian companies is the world's largest farmed. The business creates problems it itself can not solve. It is as old industries receiving destroy nature.
Norwegian salmon production will increase fivefold by 2020, the government's ambition. Companies seeking growth more places than in Norway.
In Scotland, Marine Harvest greatest of Norwegian companies with 49 farms. In addition, Grieg Seafood, while Leroy and Salmar Seafood produces through company Scottish Seafarms.
Marine Harvest is also big in Chile, the world's second largest production country after Norway. Activist Don Staniford have been there, too. He has been everywhere Norwegian companies producing salmon. An activist in worn jeans, weather jacket askew and hat from Peru and a declaration of war against the Norwegian future industry.
Marine Harvest is the world's largest aquaculture company. Accounts for a quarter of the production of farmed fish in Norway, and one third of the production in the UK and Canada.
The company has operations in 24 countries and is listed on the Oslo and New York. The global headquarters are located in Bergen. Salmon Marine Harvest delivered to more than 50 markets across the globe.
These are the five largest fish farming companies in the various production countries ranked by tonne in 2015:
Top 5 in Norway
1. Marine Harvest 254,800 tonnes
2. Salmar 136,400 tonnes
3. Leroy Seafood 135.000 tonnes
4. Mitsubishi (Cermaq) 58,000 tons
5. Nordlaks 39,000 tons
Top 5 in the UK
1. Marine Harvest 50.100 tons
2. Scottish Seafarms (owned by Salmar and Lerøy Group) 27.000 tons
3. The Scottish Salmon Co. 25.600 tons
4. Cook Aquaculture 19,000 tons
5. Grieg Seafood 16.400 tons
Top 5 in North America (Canada)
1. Cook Aquaculture 42,000 tons
2. Marine Harvest 40,100 tons
3. Mitsubishi (Cermaq) 21,000 tons
4. Grieg Seafood 14.300 tons
5. Northern Harvest 13,000 tons
Top 5 in Chile
1. Empresas Aqua Chile 63,000 tons
2. Marine Harvest 62,500 tons
3. Mitsubishi 60,000 tons
4. Psalm Mulitiexport 51,000 tons
5. Chamanchaca 39,000 tons
Source: Salmon Farming Industry Handbook 2016, Marine Harvest.
Recently went Marine Harvest case against activist and biologist Alexandra Morton because she has gone too close to the plants.
Livestock industry in Canada is pleased that Staniford has moved back to the UK, but it is also the retired lawyer Ewan Kennedy (69). The two stand side by side in the Scottish lowlands of green hills and blue fjords.
Kennedy has lively eyes, gray hair, walking stick in each fist and sandals on feet. How has he småløpt over the myrlagte terrain, through herds of wild sheep and up to the viewpoint.
- When farming came to Scotland in the 1970s, the owners were local. The concessions were temporary, but the plants were left standing. Then they were sold to multinational companies such as Marine Harvest. It was our inlet they sold. It is illegal, says Kennedy.
A few years ago he sold his law office in Glasgow and moved here to the West Coast. He built brick house with panoramic windows facing the lake and mountains. In a garage are sailboats and rowboats wintered.
- Livestock occupying increasingly large areas. I want it away from the fjords out into the sea, says Kennedy.
Staniford live on donations. He was itinerant activist full time after he as a PhD student at the University of East Anglia`s School of Environmental Science studied environmental damage to shellfish. What he found out about the impact of aquaculture industry use of chemicals, shocked.
Weapon activist using is "Freedom of information act," the British Freedom of Information Act. With the pick him out information from the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA Scottish Environment Protection Agency) and stock lists of the amount and chemical means farmers are using, how much fish dying and how environmental conditions around the plants.
He calls the BBC, The Guardian, Daily Telegraph, Herald Scotland and other editorial and tells what he has found.
Before Christmas, he could prove that 175,000 salmon died during unsuccessful delousing at Marine Harvest. In a major article in The Herald Scotland was Staniford work credited before the case went around the country.
Marine Harvest reported saying that 600 tonnes of salmon had to be discarded, and the company suffered a loss of 16 percent of production.
- It is the consumers we want to reach. When they find out, they stop buying salmon. Then farmers hear, says Staniford.
From the west coast we go over the Highlands and on to the Outer Hebrides in the Atlantic Ocean. Propeller Plane lands in the regional capital of Stornoway. Here, on the northwestern edge of Europe, blowing it forever. The landscape is completely flat and ocean infinite, and the ropes for jobs in a society characterized by depopulation, unemployment and stagnation. Here know all Marine Harvest, which is investing heavily in the Hebrides.
Other questions. Islanders call the local newspaper Stornoway Gazette: Why do large tankers with chemical delousing agent with the ferry from the mainland? And why are driving large trucks with dead fish from the islands?
Steve Bracken is Marine Harvest's most experienced man in Scotland. With the exception of a few years in Sri Lanka with shrimp farming, has the Scot spent the last 40 years to build the Norwegian aquaculture company.
Bracken is a gentle man, who speaks openly about aquaculture issues. But he has one caveat:
- We're not talking with Don Staniford. It is no use. There is no impact. He has his own agenda. Everyone else can we talk to, and we have all the benefits of these conversations. But not Staniford, says Bracken.
He shows around in one of Marine Harvest's fish farms in the Hebrides. Erisort Farm is located in the 12 km narrow fjord arm Thirty Five on the east coast of the island of Lewis. The name is a remnant from the Viking and Norse Eiríksfjorðr - "Eric inlet."
A few days ago the wind was so strong that it was impossible to get out of the facility.
- Everyone must realize that salmon farming is here to stay, and that we must live together. The challenge is to find solutions to problems, said Bracken.
- This is what civilization is all about, according to the strategic plan.
Marine Harvest has its own strategy. The company will six double production in Scotland to 210,000 tonnes in 2050, despite the fact that production dropped last year and ended at 35,000 tons.
- The target of the growth is being challenged if we do not find new areas for many fish farms. And we have to work for less lice and combat amøbegjellesykdommen AGD. It is a big worry, says Bracken.
- Do you experience more criticism than before?
- We make mistakes, we learn and constantly strive to be better. The episodes with high mortality is due in large part using a new method for debugging by water treatment - called Thermolicer. Our people were not trained enough. Now we have gained experience and are better equipped.
Compared with Norway considered production in Scotland as a niche. An important niche. Bracken tells his colleagues in Norway do not like to hear. That brand salmon produced in Scotland is better in Europe, and that price in some periods are higher than the Norwegian.
- Scottish seafood is a wonderful good brand in the world market.
The problems in Scotland are similar to those in Norway, but the Scottish plants have for several years had a greater prevalence of AGD. The amoeba causes fish difficulty breathing, loss of appetite and eventually dies.
In Norway it is estimated that around 20 percent of fish die in breeding cages within a generation. In production in Scotland dies 24 percent. Bracken knows the numbers.
- An explanation is precisely AGD, which weakens the fish. Disease development may be due to climate change leading to warmer seas, coupled with higher salinity in the sea. We use substantial resources to fight the disease. The best method so far is to treat the fish with fresh water, says Bracken.
- How does the local population on the plans for future growth?
- Without the support of those we had not had farms here. The growth potential around the mainland are now used up. Shall we get bigger, we need to sail. To ensure that we are wanted, we are conducting referendums. On the Isle of Canna live 15 people. Seven voted for farms, eight against. When we dropped the plans. Then we went on to Muck, with nearly 40 people. Here voiced most for, and the same on the Isle of Colonsay, where live around 120 people. This does not give us permission for new construction, but an authorization from the locals to work, says Bracken.
Stornoway, which was founded in the early 800s by Norwegians, is the seat of the elected assembly of the Outer Hebrides, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar. Leader is Agnus Campbell, a dedicated man who runs three stores on the islands and is selected as the independent representative.
- These boats fishing for crayfish, lobster and crab. Those who fished groundfish, have sold their licenses. The major shipping companies have taken over, says Campbell.
He hoped salmon farming industry would be the way that lifted the local community.
- When the multinationals that Marine Harvest took over, we thought of more jobs and greater activity. The result is fewer jobs, more money out of the country and greater profits to the owners. We had expected that farmers leave more money in here, says Campbell.
- What do you think about that farmers will grow further?
- We have not said no, but we'll see what they come with. Unfortunately decide central authorities in Scotland more than us, says Campbell.
He sympathizes with those who wonder what is really going on in breeding cages:
- People see the large tankers on the ferry with tons of hydrogen peroxide. They know that the chemical be to farms, and empty into the sea. Neither I nor others know what's happening, says Campbell.
- Hear the companies on what you're saying?
Campbell looks at us and breathes heavily.
- It is difficult to reach. Companies use our lake, but we need more jobs and a future for young people. They foreign breeding companies must give more back than what we get today.
Youth use Saturday to train the next competition in the national sport rowing. The boat has made even built.
- Let farming companies continue investments. We need jobs. For what is the alternative here? Nothing, says Hannah Knight.
She almost shouts of conviction. Rokameratene agree.
- We see the how developments are going. We can not say no to those who would come here and create something, said Mark Macleod.
From the sea seeping recreational fisherman Johnny Macleod in an open fishing boat. For once, the sea is a pancake. It is low tide, and John Macleod climbs the almost ten meters tall ladder to get off the boat and onto the pier.
Macleod considering making a reality of the dream of becoming a fisherman full time. He dreams of making a living lobster fishing.
- But then I talk to others about what farms make to the coast, about all the chemicals poured into the sea. It's scary. Fishermen say it's been less shellfish. Some hear about dead lobster. I am not sure.
Activist Don Staniford is back in Liverpool, where he digs further for information on aquaculture bad sides.
- Livestock industry will never realize it myself, but everything indicates that it is not sustainable. I'll tell everyone about it. I can meet in any courtroom and warn against Norwegian companies, says Staniford.